Numerical Reasoning Practice Test – Civil Service Exam

We are sharing here the best Numerical Reasoning practice test for the Civil Service exam. This page includes the most common questions for this part of the CSE. Just like our other posts, we also include effective tips and techniques to get the best and correct answer to every question.

Eventually, the PDF version of this whole online reviewer will be done and the release will be announced in this site. Meanwhile, you can just use this free online reviewer because it contains the complete scope of the Civil Service exam anyway.

Even though there is no calculator allowed, Quantitative Numerical Reasoning is not so difficult in the Civil Service exam especially if the examinee is very good in Math and logic.

It involves mainly with the basic Mathematical processes – addition, subtraction, multiplication and division for fractions, ratios, equations, and some problem solving or word problems. There are many series and sequence-questions as well.

numerical reasoning sample questions civil service exam

Tips to Pass the Numerical Reasoning Test in the Civil Service Exam

  • Relax and just enjoy answering your Math quizzes. If you’re relaxed, you’ll never lose focus and that is so important.
  • Know the basics of Math like adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing fractions, ratios, decimals, and equations. If you know these concepts, you’ll surely get everything. Otherwise, you won’t know what to do. (see our techniques below)
  • You can use scratch paper for your computations and solutions. Note that you will also have to pass your scratch papers.
  • Love Math because it is easy for someone who loves Math.
  • Focus in solving problems. Think, analyze, and solve.
  • Pray before the exam. It always helps.

Numerical Reasoning Test Techniques

For the purpose of reviewing better, I’m going to share here some concepts of Math because like I said, you have to know the basics before you solve everything. I know I have to share these because this is an online reviewer in the first place. Reviewing is practice.

Decimals:

For Addition and Subtraction, it is very simple and easy. Just line up the given numbers though their decimal point. If it has no decimal point, put one or convert one. Put zeros to complement the numbers if needed.

I remember there are many questions about decimals when I took the exam. Lots involve with multiplication and division. Same with fractions, I think I enjoyed that part so much because fractions are my thing.

  • Examples: 

5.98 + 6 + ¾ = ______

1.25 + 1.5 + 7.875 ______

25 – 8.35 – 1.3 + _______

addition subtraction decimals

For Multiplication, don’t take it too hard because it is very simply too. Just multiply the numbers and count the decimal places to the right of the given numbers then move in that decimal (count) from the right answer to the left.

  • Example: 3.05 x 1.4 =?
multiplication decimals

For Division, you have to divide the classic way by making the divisor a whole number. You need to move the decimal place to the right to make it a whole number then do the same way with the dividend. Add zeros to the dividend if necessary. See example below.

  • Example:  0.35 ÷ 1.4 (0.35 is the dividend and 1.4 is the divisor here)
division decimals

Fractions:

Some of the questions in Math and Quantitative Numerical Reasoning tests involve with fractions because they are also related to decimals, percent, mixed numbers and algebraic expressions. Again, if you master solving fractions, it will be a great edge for you.

Addition and Subtraction of Fractions

In this process, the easiest way is to always simplify the fractions by finding the LCD aka least common denominator, then apply the operation. If the result is improper fraction (numerator is bigger than denominator), simplify it too by giving the mixed number. Watch this helpful video.

How to Multiply and Divide Fractions?

To multiply fractions is easier. Just multiply both the numerator then multiply both the denominator. Simplify the product is you must.

  • Example: ½ x ¾ = 3/8

To divide fractions, inverse the second fraction then we follow the rules in multiplication. You can also cross-multiply the given fractions.

  • Example: How many 1/3’s are there in ½?
division fractions

Converting Fractions to Decimals and vice versa:

In converting fractions to decimals, just divide the numbers and round them off.

  • Examples:

1/3 = .333
5/8 = .625
7/8 = .875

Another way is to find a number to multiply by the denominator to make it 10, 100 or 1000…

  • Example:
convert fraction to decimals
source: Mathisfun.com

Positive and Negative Numbers:

Addition and Subtraction

  • Positive + Positive = Positive
  • Negative + Negative = Negative
  • Positive + Negative = Subtract the two and use the sign of the bigger number
  • Positive – Negative = Change the sign of the Subtrahend and follow the rules of Addition
  • Negative – Negative = Change the sign of the Subtrahend and follow the rules of Addition

Multiplication and Division:

  • Multiplying and dividing numbers with similar sign equals Positive ( + x + = +) and (– x – = + )
  • Multiplying and dividing numbers with different signs equals Negative ( + x – = – ) and ( – x + = – )

Number Series and Sequence:

There are also logical sequence and number series in this Math exam. Of course you have to find the next number from the pattern. You will know the right answers by applying the same method you used in a sequence to get the next number or the next.

Examples:

3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13
2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128

Problem Solving:

We cannot miss to include this scope here because every Math exam has problem solving. The key to find the correct answers is to analyse the given case well and understand what is being asked. Apply your magical Math logic.

Numerical Reasoning Test Samples:

Instruction: Solve the following Math quizzes.

1. 2187, 729, 243, 81, 27, 9, ____?

  1. 6
  2. 3
  3. 4
  4. 2

2. 1, 4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49, 64, ___ ?

  1. 72
  2. 75
  3. 81
  4. 90

3. 13 -21 34 -55 89 ___?

  1. -95
  2. 104
  3. -123
  4. -144

4. AZ CX EV GT ____?

  1. IR KP
  2. IR KQ
  3. IS KQ
  4. IS KP

5. A5 D25 G125 J625 M3125 ____?

  1. P15525
  2. P15625
  3. O15525
  4. O15625

6. What is -25 + 16?

  1. 9
  2. -9
  3. -41
  4. 41

7. What is 107 – (-17) ?

  1. -90
  2. 90
  3. 124
  4. -124

8. (-9) (-22) = ____?

  1. 198
  2. -198
  3. 31
  4. -31

9. (21) (-4) + (8) (-2) = ____?

  1. -100
  2. 100
  3. -23
  4. 23

10. (-560) ÷ 7 = ___?

  1. -80
  2. 80
  3. -553
  4. 553

11. 6/8 + 2 ½ + 4/12 is also the same as?

  1. ½ + 2.5 + ¼
  2. ½ + 5/2 + 1/6
  3. ¾ + 2.5 + 1/6
  4. ¾ + 5/2 + 1/3

12. What is the Least Common Denominator of 1/8, ¾, and 1/16?

  1. 4
  2. 8
  3. 16
  4. 2

13. What is the Greatest Common Factor of 36 and 54?

  1. 6
  2. 12
  3. 18
  4. 9

14. What is the sum of ½ + 8/4 + 6/12 ?

  1. 15/12
  2.  3/12
  3. 3
  4. 3 1/12

15. 3/9 x 2/3 = ____

  1. 6/27
  2. 2/9
  3. 9/18
  4. 1/9

16. ¾ ÷ 1/8 = ____

  1. 8
  2. 4
  3. 12
  4. 6

17. What is the decimal form of ¾ %?

  1. .0075
  2. .075
  3. .75
  4. .00075

18. Convert 3.4% as a fraction.

  1. 34/100
  2. .34/100
  3. 3.4/1000
  4. 3.4/100

19. What is ¼ in decimal?

  1. .025
  2. .25
  3. 2.5
  4. .0025

20. What is the ratio of ½ to 2/5?

  1. 3:4
  2. 5:4
  3. 1:3
  4. 2:5

21. 2.12 is multiplied by 10 to the sixth power is?

  1. 212.000
  2. 2,120,000
  3. 212,000
  4. 21,200

22. 25 is multiplied by 10 to the fifth power is?

  1. 2,500,000
  2. 250,000
  3. 25,000
  4. .000025

23. Find the value of x in the equation: 5x + 25 =10

  1. 5
  2. 3
  3. -3
  4. -5

24. If x=8, find the value of y in the equation: 4x – 2y = 28.

  1. -4
  2. -2
  3. 4
  4. 2

25. Find the value of x if y= 8 in the equation: 2x + 4y = 50

  1. 9
  2. 8
  3. 10
  4. 4

Problem Solving / Word Problems:

26. Kit is twice as old as his friend Sam. Sam is 5 years older than Cara. In 5 years, Kit will be three times as old as Cara. How old is Sam?

  1. 2 years old
  2. 3 years old
  3. 4 years old
  4. 5 years old

27. James’s dad is 5 times older than James and James is twice as old as his sister Sara. In two years, the sum of their ages will be 58. How old is James now?

  1. 6 years old
  2. 7 years old
  3. 8 years old
  4. 9 years old

28. Cathy scored 85, 87, 90, 95, and 100 in her Math exams. What will be her average grade in Math from this period?

  1. 91.40
  2. 91.50
  3. 92
  4. 93.50

29. Letty left home and drove at the rate of 50 miles per hour for 2 hours. She stopped for lunch then drove for another 4 hours at 65 mph to reach Los Angeles. How many miles did Letty drive to reach LA?

  1. 115 miles
  2. 360 miles
  3. 310 miles
  4. 100 miles

30. Michelle went to SM for the 3-day sale. She bought a new pair of shoes and paid only P2,450 discounted for 20% off. What was the original price of the shoes?

  1. P3,062.50
  2. P3,260.50
  3. P3,620.50
  4. P3,026.50

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159 thoughts on “Numerical Reasoning Practice Test – Civil Service Exam”

  1. di ba ganito gagawin sa number 18?

    Example: Express 62.5% as a fraction

    Step 1: Write down:
    62.5/100

    Step 2: Multiply both top and bottom by 10 (because there is 1 digit after the decimal place)

    62.5/100 = 625 /1,000

    (See how this neatly makes the top a whole number?)

    Step 3: Simplify the fraction (this took me two steps, you may be able to do it one!) :

    625 /1,000 = 25/40 = 5/8

    Answer = 5/8

    paano po ba?

    Reply
      • Hi, just a clarification,

        RE: 17. What is the decimal form of ¾ %?
        Answer: .0075 because ¾ is 75 percent or 75/100.

        Manually, I got 3.) .75.
        To check using calculator and excell conversion, I was correct.
        75 divided by 100 is also .75.

        Why is your answer .0075? Have you divided it again over 100?

        Thank you!

        Reply
        • 3/4 is equal to 0.75
          thus, 3/4% is 0.75%
          converting fraction by moving decimal point to the left 2 times..
          you will get 0.0075.

          tingin ko po, ganun un.. 🙂

          Reply
        • 3/4 percent is different from 3/4 as fraction.
          3/4=75 percent
          while 3/4 percent = .75 percent
          kindly check again.
          thanks and hope mas clear..

          Reply
    • Tama po ang approach niyo pero express as fraction ang tanong..although yung example niyo na 62.5 percent to fraction. Ang approach ko jan since na 62.5 percent is equal to .625 as decimal pwede po na 62.5/100 same as .625

      #18 same po..

      3.4percent =.o34
      So pwede na 3.4/100 same as .034

      Thanks

      Reply
  2. Cathy scored 85, 87, 90, 95, and 100 in her Math exams. What will be her average grade in Math from this period?

    91.40
    91.50
    92
    93.50

    why im getting 91.20 using manual math

    Reply
  3. gud day ma’am marifel pasend naman ng copy ng reviewer wala po ako credit card nor paypal account… send me nlang instruction panu magbayad salamat..

    Reply
  4. hopefully this coming oct. 26, 2014 maipasa ko na ang civil service exam, professional. 🙂 sana lahatng nareview ko dito is lalabas lahat. in jesus name. amen… 🙂 “GOD IS GOOD”:)

    Reply
  5. Hi Ma’am. This is my first time to take a civil service exam. I just read books, review some, and solve less. But i have a feeling that this going to be good. 🙂

    Reply
  6. I hate math. :’p but i need to pass the exam, 🙁
    tsk. a lot of time to consume at this numerical reasoning part. :/
    and i feel dizzy seeing numbers. @_@ ahaha. fighting!

    Reply
  7. Mam maitanong ko lang sana,, kong lahat ba nang form nang equation lalabas sa exam? diba marami yun may linear, quadratic, exponential, logarithmc etc.. sorry po sa tanong ko NOOB talaga ako pag dating dito:D hehe thanks….

    Reply
  8. I guess hindi ito ang eksatong lalabas sa exam pero, it would help us a lot…. ngayon ko lang ulet nareview ang fractions and decimals… thanks for your help… I hope i could pass…. 🙂

    Reply
  9. Hi mam good afternoon i am interested to take the civil exam yhis october 26, 2014. Do i have to enroll on a review center? Please help. Kindly recommend. Thank you

    Reply

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